There are a number of specialized segments in poultry production that a farming entrepreneur can engage in. One can get into broiler production, layers, capons, day-old chicks, and production of ready-to-lay pullets. Each of these segments offers certain advantages as well as drawbacks.
In broiler production, marketable broilers can be produced as early as 35 days from hatching. Not all farmers go for this, however, because broiler prices are quite volatile and if the birds are not marketed on time, they could consume more feeds that are worth more than the value of meat produced. There are, of course, poultry raisers who know how to take care of such problems. They usually have the right marketing strategies.
Taking care of layers has its own advantages. For one, the poultry raiser has daily cash flow once the birds start laying. The profit margin is also attractive if once can have a steady supply of replacement stocks. One egg producer from Bulacan says that he can sell each egg for P3.30 which he produces at a cost of P2.60 (2006 Data). One of the problem that has besiege many egg producer in recent years is the lack of replacement birds. In the past two years or so, the hatchery operations have slowed down in importing parent stocks that produce the hatching eggs. The reason is the hatchery companies’ fear of Avian Flu which has hit some parts of the United States and countries in Europe which supply the parent stocks. The shortage of day-old-chicks had resulted in poultry houses that have been half empty, if not completely empty.
In the case of capons, capon production has become practically a forgotten art. The market is very limited but if the fellow who engages in this is smart in marketing, he can make highly profitable operation. After all, there is no competition at the moment. Producing day-old-chicks is better left to the experts. This requires a big investment and technical expertise. Hence, it is not a business foe everybody.
Once other opportunity in the poultry business is the production of ready-to-lay pullets. These are 16-week-old female egg type birds which are preferred bu some raisers over day-old-chicks. This is particularly suited to the fellow who has mastered the raising of chicks from the day they hatched up to the time they are about to lay eggs.
There is a demand for such birds that are about to lay because some people want something that will produce cash flow almost immediately. By the time, the girds are already vaccinated against the major diseases and are no longer as delicate to take care as the young chicks. In other words, the risk is much less.
One fellow who sees the potential of raising ready-to-lay pullets for sale to other poultry raisers is Rolando Lagaya of San Jose, Batangas. He has been in the layer business for many years with some 100,000 layers in two farms at this time. He sees, however, a profitable opportunity in producing ready-to-lay birds. After all, he has already mastered the production of such birds. This year, he has programmed to produce about 50,000 ready-to-lay pullets.
He explained that day-old chicks cost P30 each today. After taking care of them for 16 weeks, they are sold at P165 per head. His net profit per bird is P25 to P30. Hence, by producing 50,000 ready-to-lay pullets, he could expect a profit of P1.25 to 1.5 million. He says he has a ready market fro such birds because he is also engaged in the construction of poultry houses for other people. That means he is giving his clients the major services they need. That’s also creating additional business for himself because he is also into fee milling. Starting lat year, he has also gone into the manufacture of organic fertilizer using chicken manure as his main ingredients. And his buyers of ready-to-lay pullets could be his additional source of manure for organic fertilizer production.
If you think you have the appropriate know-how in raising day-old chicks up to 16 weeks, why don’t you try this business? It has its own advantages.
source: www.mb.com.ph by Zac B. Sarian of Agri-Talk