What is Copyright?

Copyright is a branch of Intellectual Property which pertains to the rights given to creators or authors for their literary and artistic works. The domain of works includes writings, music, fine art (photography, paintings or sculptures) and technology-based works (computer software programs, websites, and electronic databases). Copyright protects the expression of thoughts or ideas, not the thoughts or ideas themselves.

Works Protected under the Intellectual Property code

  1. Books, pamphlets, articles, and other writings
  2. Periodicals and newspapers
  3. Lectures, sermons, addresses, and dissertations prepared for oral delivery, whether or not reduced in writing or other material form
  4. Letters
  5. Dramatic or dramatico-musical compositions, choreographic works or entertainment in dumb shows
  6. Musical compositions, with or without words
  7. Works of drawing, painting, architecture, sculpture, engraving, lithography or other works of art; models or designs for works of art
  8. Original ornamental designs or models for articles of manufacture, whether or not registrable as an industrial design, and other works of applied art
  9. Illustrations, maps, plans, sketches, charts, and three-dimensional works relative to geography, topography, architecture, or science
  10. Drawings or plastic works of a scientific or technical character
  11. Photographic works including works produced by a process analogous to photography; lantern slides
  12. Audiovisual works and cinematographic works, and works produced by a process -analogous to cinematography or any process for making audiovisual recordings
  13. Pictorial illustrations and advertisements
  14. Computer programs
  15. Other literary, scholarly, scientific, and artistic works.

Types of Rights Under Copyright

Economic Rights Economic rights allow the copyright owner to derive economic or financial reward, referred to as a “royalty”, from the use of his works by others. A copyright owner can transfer or assign the rights to his work to individuals or companies that are best able to market the work.

Under economic right, the creator or author of a work has the right to prohibit or authorize the reproduction or copying of the work- this is the most basic right under copyright; public performance; communication to the public of his work; transformation of his work (e.g. translation, dramatization, adaption); sale; rental; and public display of his work.

Moral Rights Moral rights allow the author to take certain actions to preserve the personal link between himself and his creation. These are:

  1. The right to claim authorship of a work to have that authorship recognized
  2. The right to oppose changes to it that could harm the creator’s reputation.

Moral rights remain with the author even after he has transferred his economic rights. Unlike economics rights, moral rights can never be transferred.

Fore more information, contact:

Intellectual Property of the Philippines
IP Philippines Bldg., 351 Sen. Gil Puyat Ave., Makati City
Tel: (02) 752-5450 to 65
Web: www.ipophil.gov.ph

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