Philippine Agriculture has been faced with problems on low productivity, low income of rural households and pollutive disposal of farm wastes due to the burning of crop residue and dumping of animal wastes into bodies of water.
Low productivity especially in crop production is largely due to the declining fertility of the soil brought about by the continuous and intensive crop removal done in the last few decades. Also, the rise in pest and diseases problems was attributed in part to plant nutritional deficiencies. The problem is exacerbated by the rising costs of commercial fertilizer thereby greatly affecting rural income.
The many problems facing the agriculture sector could be addressed by one simple technology such as vermicomposting. It utilizes farm wastes and turns it into compost thereby addressing the problems on waste disposal and soil fertility. This will also result to higher productivity and increase in income of rural households. As an added incentive, vermicasts may be sold for additional income. It can also be used in backyard vegetable gardens thereby addressing problems in malnutrition and at the same time it may bring in additional income to the family.
This course is composed of three modules. The first module is on the Worm and its Food. It includes topics on the general characteristics of worms including the cultural requirements in raising it. Then it will focus on the African Night Crawler (Eudrilus eugeniae), the specie that the course is recommending for the learners to use for vermicomposting. The module ends with the lesson on Substrates. The second module is on the Benefits of Vermicomposting. It contains the definition of terms commonly used in the course. It also discusses the advantages and benefits of Vermicomposting including the economics of vermicomposting.. Another Lesson added is on quality analysis of some vermicompost formulations.
The third module is on Vermicompost Production. It discusses the steps in establishing vermicomposting. It starts with site selection until harvesting.
This course also includes write up supported by videos and other materials of successful individuals and groups who have engaged in vermicompost production. This will encourage learners to engage in vermicomposting.
- Module 1: The Worm and Its Food
- Module 2: Benefits of Vermicomposting
- Module 3: Vermicompost Production
- Success stories
How to enroll online: e-extension.gov.ph/elearning/course/enrol.php?id=109
source: www.e-extension.gov.ph, photo from www.thehindu.com