The Bases of Organic Agriculture and Processing

To achieve its aims, the organic agriculture movement follows certain techniques and practices that promote sound environment and respect natural ecological balances. In doing so, it avoids products and methods, which are contrary to its principles.

The basis of crop production in gardening, farming, orchard growing, and agroforestry is the maintenance of desirable soil quality, build up of balanced soil fertility, and the promotion of biodiversity and sound ecosystem. This is achieved by appropriate combinations of:

  • versatile crop production
  • recycling of organic residues with inclusion of symbiotic N-fixing plants (legumes and azolla) and other forms of nutrient-plant symbiosis that help to avoid the use of synthetic fertilizers.
  • wide ranges of methods for the control of pests, diseases and weeds, which avoid the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, molluscicides.

The basis for animal husbandry is the respect for the physiological and ecological needs of the animals. This is achieved by:

  • providing sufficient amount of good quality fodder
  • providing shed systems and allowing sufficient run according to their behavioral needs proper animal health care by preventive measures, management practices and veterinary treatment based on natural medicine if suitable

Animals are an important part of organic farming systems because:

  • they contribute to closing the nutrient cycles by providing manure
  • animals can convert organic matter which can not be used by humans, thus allowing to utilize land which cannot otherwise be used
  • growing forage crops improves the crop rotations, the diversification and balance of the farming system
  • they are used for draft purposes;
  • they can utilize by-products from agricultural production
  • they can contribute to higher yields.

For more information, contact:

Organic Certification Center of the Philippines
78 B. Dr. Lazcano Street
Barangay Laging Handa, Quezon City
Tel./Fax No. (0632) 374-8214
Cell. No. (0920) 213-9979
Email: [email protected]
Web: www.occpphils.org

source: wikipedia.com, yelmworms.com, occpphils.org, photo from freedigitalphotos.net

 

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