Citrus trees bear fruits in about three to five years from planting and can be harvested after five to six months from flowering depending on the species, cultural management, and the environment. Unlike other fruits, citrus does not exhibit further ripening after harvest so that picking at the right stage of maturity is most IMPORTANT.
Like any other crop, many destructive pests and diseases limit the production of citrus. The common pests which attack the citrus plant include rind borer, greenbug, barkborer, fruitfly, scales,citrus psylla,aphids, and mites. Citrus diseases are either caused by bacteria, fungi or virus and virus-like particles. A systemic virus-like disease known as leaf mottling and its
In Region 2, the use of rootstock is very successful for mandarin, calamansi, sweet orange and pummelos, this is referred to as calamandarin. In the absence of calamandarin, the same stock as the scion could be used for pummelo, ladu mandarin and calamansi. However, rootstocks are very susceptible to foot rot and root rot when
Pre-Conditioning Stage Pre-conditioning is done at least two months before bud formation. Pre-conditioning helps in obtaining maximum yield of the citrus plants. Powdery mildew is the most common disease during this stage. Management practices Prune broken, dead and infested branches, and paint pruned parts with fungicide paste solution to avoid disease infestation. Cut or remove
Fruit tree production is assuming a general importance and have direct role in the rural economy of the country. New orchards are being established and existing orchards are being expanded in many parts of the country due to the increasing demand for fruits and fruit products in local markets and export potentials of some fruits.