Starting a Business in Herbal Bath Soap Making

Herbal bath soap contains natural ingredients like essential oils from aloe vera, patchouli, citronella, rose, and sampaguita. Other herbal soaps also contain rich vitamins from fruits like papaya, lemon, and calamansi.

Estimated Investment Requirements (Php based on 2009 prices)

Tools and Equipments

  • Stick Blender or Electric Mixer Plastic – P2,000.00
  • Plastic dipper and plastic cups – 86.00
  • Plastic Pail (16 L, capacity) – 150.00
  • Weighing scale (10 kg capacity) – 700.00
  • Bamboo sticks or chopsticks as stirrer – 20.00
  • Soap molds or clean containers without holes – 875.00
  • A piece of string for slicing the soap into desired sizes – 25.00

Materials and Ingredients (1kg. for 1 liter formula)

  • 36° Be lye solution, 360 ml (36%) – P27.00
  • Oil, 590 ml (59%) – 53.10
  • Coloring (blue and yellow) – 10.00
  • 5% Additives:  – 302.90
    • bDEA (coco diethanol amide), 5 ml (0.5%)
    • Grycenne, 8 ml (0.8%)
    • Sodium silicate, 5 ml (0.5%)
    • Patchouli extract, 10 ml (1%)
    • Scent, 5 ml (0.5%)
    • Aloe vera extract, 15 ml (1.5%)
    • Sodium benzoate, 2 ml (0.2%)
  • Total – P393.00

Procedures

Preparation of Materials

  • To make 36° Be lye solution, mix well 2.5 L of water with 1 kg of caustic soda in a plastic or stainless steel pail with cover. Cool to room temperature before use.

Preparation of the Soap

  1. Measure and weigh the ingredients as specified.
  2. Measure 360 ml lye solution and mix with 590 ml of the oil using an electric mixer. Blend the oil-lye mixture very well. Mix continuously until creamy.
  3. Prepare the coloring for the soap. In separate containers, dissolve a little of the blue and yellow coloring powder in a few drops of oil. Use separate stirrer for each color.
  4. Mix together the dissolved blue and yellow coloring powder in one container. Estimate the amount of each color to produce an olive green color. Set aside.
  5. Test consistency of  the oil-lye mixture in the mixer by using a chopstick or bamboo stick.
  6. When the oil-lye mixture becomes creamy, add the aloe vera essence, glycerine and scent. Then add the remaining additives (i.e. CDEA, sodium silicate and sodium benzoate).
  7. While mixing, add the prepared olive green color. Mix continuously until color is evenly distributed. Remove the mixture from the mixer.
  8. Transfer the mixture in the molds evenly.
  9. Allow the soap to harden for 2-4 hours. When hardened, slice it using a piece of string or wire attached to a wooden/meta cutter. The number of soap base depends on the desired size, shape and weight.
  10. Store the soap in a clean dry place. It can be used after one week.

Estimated Costing and Pricing

  • A. Direct cost, 1 kg. for 1 liter formula (labor, water, electricity) – P519.40
  • B. Indirect cost (transportation) – 100.00
  • C. Production cost (A+B) – 619.40
    • Finished product will result in 10 bars of  (100 grams/bar)
    • One worker can produce 5 kg of soap/day (1 kg for 1 L formulation)
  • Product pricing (C/10 + 20% mark-up) – 74.32
  • Market price per piece – P80.00

If price per 100 g soap is lower compared with the existing market price, increase the markup to 30% or more.

Registration Requirements

  • Business name registration (www.bnrs.dti.gov.ph)
  • Mayor’s/Business Permit (check your local municipality/city)
  • BIR TIN (www.bir.gov.ph)
  • BFAD Certificate (www.bfad.gov.ph)

Financing Facility

  • SSS Special Financing Program (www.sss.gov.ph)
  • People’s Credit and Finance Corp (www.pcfc.gov.ph)
  • Small and Medium Enterprise Credit (www.pbsp.org.ph)

Technical Assistance (Training and Seminar)

  • DTI-CITC ([02] 942-0880/3974)
  • TESDA-WC (http://twc.tesda.gov.ph)

Chemical Suppliers

  • Ticanocah Merchandising  (02) 411-3864, 332-0463
  • Alyson Chemical Enterprise  (02) 712-2266
  • Everlight Chemicolor (02) 242-6934

source: dti.gov.ph

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