A new breed of duck is poised to improve the Philippine duck industry anchored on the support of the private sector.
Launched during the National Science and Technology Week (NSTW), Itik Pinas (IP), a genetically superior breeder duck, improves the egg-laying performance of the Philippine Mallard Duck from 55 to 70% per year with an egg weight of 65 grams, which is suited for balut processing.
The Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST-PCAARRD) is optimistic that with IP, the Philippine duck industry can be improved, especially with strengthened linkages with the private sector.
A Duck commodity research and development (R&D) review and stakeholders consultation meeting was thus held recently at the office of the Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Animal Industry (DA-BAI) for this purpose.
Attended by technology developers, commercial raisers, farm owners, a faculty from the Asian Institute of Management (AIM), and a private animal nutritionist expert, the review and consultation meeting aimed to assess present endeavors and identify future initiatives on Itik Pinas.
Through the meeting, DOST-PCAARRD has given the private sector an opportunity to comment on the project and provide suggestions on marketing and packaging of the product.
“The government will not only regulate the duck industry but also position itself to develop enabling technologies, strategies, and policies,” said Dr. Synan S. Baguio, officer-in-charge of the Livestock Research Division (LRD), DOST-PCAARRD.
“We will also seek the guidance of the private sector in establishing specialized laboratories like the Swine Genetic Analytical Service Laboratory,” Dr. Baguio added.
Three types of Itik Pinas (IP) (left to right) IP-Itim, IP-Kayumanggi, and IP-Khaki (Photo by the Livestock Research Division (LRD), DOST-PCAARRD)
Developed under the project, Development of Sustainable Breeder Philippine Mallard Duck Production System, IP, as an innovative technology in duck raising, aims to address the problem of the lack of quality breeders and continuous increase in production cost.
IP consists of three types: IP-Itim, IP-Khaki, and IP-Kayumanggi.
IP-Itim lays larger eggs at more than 65 g each. It has black plumage and white feather markings in the neck and orange to brown shank.
IP-Khaki produces more eggs as it shows the highest number of eggs within a 40-week laying period. The male has a brown plumage and darker brown pattern in the head, while the female has plain brown plumage.
Lastly, IP-Kayumanggi lays more, bigger eggs. It has plain plumage and small body at 1.2 kg.
Boosting the Balut Industry
Itik Pinas is a genetically superior breeder duck which has a higher average productive period of 70% in a year, compared with 55% for the old breed. This translates to an increase in egg production of at least 50 quality eggs per duck per year or an additional income of at least ₱300 per duck per year. Moreover, Itik Pinas produces eggs at an average of 65 grams a piece, consistent with the requirement of the ‘balut’ industry.
Itik Pinas can adapt to local environment conditions and can perform well even with simple housing and low-cost feeds.
The strains of Itik Pinas are products of organized breeding and selection that focuses on the uniformity of physical characteristics, higher and predictable egg production performance, and consistent egg quality.
Itik Pinas is an output of DOST-PCAARRD’s Duck Industry Strategic S&T Program (ISP), which aims to develop science-based interventions for increased egg and egg weight. Moreover, the program addresses the decline in number and quality of breeders as well as the lack of stable supply of ready-to-lay pullets, among other challenges.
Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD)
Paseo de Valmayor, Timugan, Economic Garden, Los Baños, Laguna
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Telefax Number: (632) 837 1651
source: www.pcaarrd.dost.gov.ph by Rose Anne M. Aya, DOST-PCAARRD S&T Media Service