Hog/Swine: Farm Activities & Transporting Tips

Farm Activities Checklist

Daily Activities

  • Feed pigs on time.
  • Monitor pigs during eating. Mark pigs with no appetite for further observation and health check.
  • Check water supply. Water nipples maybe clogged or water output is low.
  • Clean pens, drinkers, troughs, and feed storage. Practice wet cleaning in the morning and dry cleaning in the afternoon to keep the pen dry in the evening.
  • Record the necessary information.
  • Check pen temperature and adjust ventilation accordingly.
  • Replace and replenish disinfectants/ footbaths.

Weekly Activities

  • Estimate the weight of finishers and adjust the amount of feed according to feeding scheme.
  • Check feed quality and quantity in storage and purchase feeds.
  • Check availability of drugs and disinfectants.
  • Control mice and flies.
  • Plan and carry out needed repairs on housing and equipment.
  • Meet with farm personnel to discuss relevant issues, resolve problems and give instructions.

Monthly Activities

  • Inventory of pigs.
  • Carry out production control and work out technical results. The technical performance of the pigs for a certain period is an important guide to the farm personnel in carrying out/improving further activities in the farm.
  • Financial control. Check expenses incurred for the month.

Yearly Activities

  • Farm technical and financial performance appraisal. It is necessary to give a profound understanding to the overall performance of the farm to serve as a guide in the future operation.
  • Plan and budget for the next year.

Other Activities

  • Vaccinate pigs against hog cholera and other required vaccines.
  • Deworm and treat weaners if obtained from other farms.

Transporting Tips and Advice

Marketing is the final activity in finisher production Therefore, the pig raiser must be able to identify where to market his pigs and how much he should receive for his produce. Thus, he should be aware of the market trends and information on prevailing prices.

When marketing, proper shipment and transport handling should be observed to minimize losses due to shrinkage, bruises, injuries and possible deaths. During transport, pigs can lose two to ten percent of their original weight. Losses are due to defecation, urination and carcass weight loss.

Tips on Shipment and Transport Handling

  • Group pigs according to size. Always separate the big pigs from small ones by means of partition.
  • Loading facilities should be available at the marketing area for easy and proper Loading of the pigs.
  • Remember that underloading is as dangerous as overloading during transport. Don’t load too few or too many.
  • Guide to the number of pigs per square meter during transport.

Weight (Kg/LW) = Pigs/sq.m.

  • 15 = 9
  • 25 = 6-7
  • 50 = 3-4
  • 80 = 2-3
  • Unload pigs carefully to avoid bruises or crippled pigs.
  • Use canvass or rubber slappers from discarded interior of tires during loading and unloading. Do not kick or use canes or sticks to drive the pigs up or down the ramp to prevent bruises and bloody spots on the carcass.
  • Do not excite or over-heat pigs. Over excitement will increase the body temperature of the pig resulting to a feverish condition. Pigs should be well rested prior to slaughter to prevent souring of meat when cured.
  • Cover the truck, floor with sand or sawdust to make the pigs more stable during transit. When the weather is hot, wet the beddings before loading to keep the pigs cool and comfortable. Provide covers for the trucks to protect them against the sun.
  • Advise drivers to slow down at sharp curves and avoid sudden stops to prevent swinging or piling up of pigs on either side or end of the vehicle.
  • Removed all protruding nails and other pointed objects on the floor and sides of the truck.

source: International Training Center on Pig Husbandry (ITCPH), Marawoy, Lipa City

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *