Goat Raising, Part 6 Other Practices & Production Inputs

Other Management Practices

1.  Hoof Trimming

Goats’ hooves under confinement are usually overgrown. Trimming is then required. A rose pruner and a small curved knife are adequate tools. Cut excess hoof until level with the frog (white-centerpart). Untrimmed hooves will cause lameness and make it prone to foot rot. Bucks refuse to mount when having sore feet.

2.  Dehoming

Especially in milking herds, dehorning is essential. A dehorned animal is more docile than a horned one. It will also eliminate unnecessary wounds due to fighting. Dehorn when horn buds appear (2 to 4 mos.) using hot iron cautery. A 1/2 inch GI pipe is an effective and cheap material for cauterizing. Chemical cautery is not preferred because kids tend to lick one another and may therefore lead to cauterized or burned tongues.

3.  Castration

Castration of unwanted male goats is preferable within the first month of age. The testicles at this age are still not developed; thus there is lesser bleeding and stress. Castrated males grow faster than uncastrated males and are free of the goaty male odor.

4.  Tattooing, Ear Notching and Other Forms of Identification

In order to keep track of individual animals, a positive identification are needed. No recording is possible without this. Ear notching is done more commonly because of permanence and easy identification. Refrain from using plastic tags. Tattooing causes no deformities but requires special tools that may be costly.

5.  Recording

For a good breeding herd program, a proper and well-kept recording system is necessary. The record reflects all the essential data of individual animals. Below is an example:

Herd Data:

  • Kidding Rate
  • Kidding Frequencies
  • Productive Pattern
  • Superior to Doe Combination

Other Data:

  • Forage Production
  • Forage and Concentrate Intake
  • Health and Treatment Situations

PRODUCTION INPUTS

A. Backyard Operations

A1. Investment

  • a. Goat House
  • b. Purchase of Breeding Stock

A2. Operating Expenses

  • a. Veterinary Medicines
  • b. Vaccines
  • c. Concentrates
  • d. Additional Feed Supplements

B. Commercia[ / Large Sca[e Operation

B1. Fixed Investment

  • a. Goat House
  • b. Water Pump
  • c. Feeding trough
  • d. Spade
  • e. Wheel Barrow
  • f. Pasture Grass Species
  • g. Ropes
  • h. Fences
  • i. Land

B2. Purchase of Stock

  • a. Breeding Does
  • b. Breeding Bucks

B3. Operating Expenses

  • a. Veterinary Medicines, drugs, vaccines, feed supplements and goat rations
  • b. Labor: fixed or seasonal
  • c. Repair and Maintenance of building, equipment and pasture

source: www.da.gov.ph

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