Chicken broiler and egg production are the most progressive animal enterprises in the Philippines today. The poultry industry in fact began as a backyard enterprise but has shifted to the formation of very large integrated contract farming operations. The growth of tile poultry industry in the Philippines has indeed been impressive but its problems including inefficient management and the prevalence of many destructive poultry diseases and parasites cannot be ignored.
This post provides technology and management know-how for poultry raising which we hope present poultry raisers and prospective poultry producers may find useful in effectively managing their poultry farms and also help them realize substantial financial returns from their enterprises in this period of high production cost inputs.
Chicken Breeds/Stock to Raise
Egg Type & Meat Type Sources of Stock
|1. Arbor Acres
San Miguel Foods Inc.
Population Centre Building
Nichols Interchange, Makati City
Tel. No.: 878-4042
|5. Babcock Sarmiento
Agricultural Devt. Corporation
Sarmiento Bldg. II, Pasong Tamo Ext.
Tel. No.: 816-7461
Console Farms Batuhan,
San Miguel, Bulacan
2 Samat St., Quezon City
Tel. No.: 731-1842
Universal Robina Farms
CFC Bldg. Bo. Ugong, Pasig
Tel. No.: 671 -8303
211 Pasong Tamo
Tel. Nos.: 844-7209/845-0236
Dekalb General Milling Corporation
E. Rodriguez Avenue Pasig,
Tel. Nos.: 8195451/671-9943
Tyson Agro Ventures
179 Mariano Ponce
Tel. No.: 366-5213
2nd Floor RFM Bldg.
Pioneer St., Mandaluyong
Tel. No.: 631-8101
The following space requirements may serve as guide:
- Day-old to four weeks – 15 sq.in./chick
- Four to eight weeks – 30 sq.in./chick
- Nine weeks to laying age – 50-60 sq.cm./bird
- Day-old to three weeks – 0.3 sq.ft./chick
- 3 weeks to 4 weeks – 0.5 sq.ft/chick
- 5 weeks to market age – 1.0 sq.ft./bird
Recommended Minimum Feeding Space Requirements:
- Day-old to 4 weeks – 2.5 to 5 cm./bird
- 4 weeks to 8 weeks – 5 to 6.5 cm./bird
- 9 weeks to near laying age – 7.5 to 9 cm./bird
- Layers – 10 cm./bird
Recommended Minimum Watering Space Requirements
- a. Day-old to 4 weeks = 0.5 cm./bird or two 1-gal. drinking fountains/100 birds
- b. 4 weeks to 8 weeks = 0.6 to 1 cm./bird or two 2-gal drinking fountains/l00 birds
- c. 9 weeks to near laying age = 1 to 2 cm./bird or four 2-gal drinking fountains/100 birds
- d. layers = 2 to 2.5 cm/bird or six 2-gal drinking fountains/ 100 birds
The following Call be used as a guide in selecting the foundation stock to
- Stock should only be purchased from a reliable hatchery or franchised dealer where the parent stocks are well-housed and well-managed.
- The kind of stock to buy depends upon the purpose for which it is going to be raised.
- Chicks should be tree from diseases and deformities.
- Chicks should have uniform size and color and in the case of broiler chicks should not be less than 33 grams at day-old.
- For a start, a popular strain raised in the community can be selected as it is an indication of the bird’s good performance under existing farm conditions.
- For broilers, choose those that have high livability and are fast growers.
- For layers, choose those that have good egg size, high egg production and long productive
Recommended Floor Type
Birds must be protected from poor ventilation and extremes in temperature. When the land dimension allows it, the poultry houses should be constructed with their length parallel to the wind direction. This setup will expose to the wind only the southern or the northernmost portion of the houses. If it were the other way around, that is, the length of the house facing south, all the pens with the birds therein would be exposed to draft and heavy rain during typhoons and bad weather.
Discarded feed sacks when available, can be utilized as wind and sun breakers. Planting trees will also serve as windbreaks.
Sanitary Provisions in the Poultry House
In planning the construction, due consideration should be given to facilitate cleaning of the poultry house. Thus, in the case of brooders, the floors, sides and partitions should be detachables. This will permit their removal for thorough cleaning and disinfection after every batch. There should have good water drainage from the house site. Due consideration should be given to the aspect of poultry disease prevention and control. When there is ample land area, the breeding, growing and laying houses should be reasonably spaced from one another as a health safety measure.
Provision for Easy Expansion
Consider future expansion plans. The buildings that are to be constructed should consider the setting up of additional new houses that may be needed later.
Economy of Construction
Poultry houses need not be very expensive to construct. There are many locally available cheap materials that are very common to poultry raisers like bamboo, coconut trunks, cogon, nipa and rattan. The rule is to use local materials that are readily available.