Broccoli and Cauliflower Production Guide Part 2

Pest and Disease Management

Diseases/Insect Pests Control:

  • Damping-off – Drench seedbed with fungicide before sowing, sow thinly, regulate watering
  • Black rot – Crop rotation, thorough land preparation,spray fungicide at the first sign of infection
  • Soft rot – Uproot and burn infected plants, crop rotation
  • Diamondback moth – Plant different types of crop, remove and burn debris of previous crop, Bt {Bacillus thuringiensis) spray, pesticide spray
  • Cabbage looper – Spray with hot pepper solution, Bt spray, pesticide spray
  • Cabbage webworm – Spray with hot pepper solution, pesticide spray
  • Aphids – Spray with hot pepper solution + 1 tbsp soap, pesticide spray

Harvesting

Harvest when curds are well formed. Include portion of stems and leaves. If possible, harvest early in the morning and avoid exposure to high temperatures to maintain good curd quality. Use top icing (placing of a 2-to4-in layer of crushed ice over the top of pallets of precooled produce) to prolong shelf life.

Cost and Return Analysis per Hectare in Pesos (2006 Data)

A. Labor (©P220/MD; P440/MAD) Plowing (5 MAD) Harrowing (3 MAD)

  • Bedding (5 MAD) – 2,200
  • Manure application (10MD) – 1,320
  • Seedling production (15MD) – 2,200
  • Transplanting (10MD) – 2,200
  • Fertilization (3x) (6MD)- 1,320
  • Mulching (10MD) – 2,200
  • Weeding (20MD) – 4,400
  • Irrigation (20MD) – 4,400
  • Spraying (10MD) – 2,200
  • Harvesting (10MD) – 2,200
  • Miscellaneous activities (20MD) – 4,400
  • Subtotal – 34,540.00

B. Materials

  • Seeds (280 g/ha) – 2,500
  • Animal manure (10t) – 10,000
  • Fertilizer:
    • 14-14-14 (5 bags) – 4,750
    • 46-0-0 (6 bags) – 6,300
    • 0-0-60 (3 bags) – 2,850
  • Chemical sprays – 10,000
  • Fuel and oil – 5,000
  • Miscellaneous – 10,000
  • Subtotal – 51,400

C. Contingencies (15%) – 12,891

Grand Total – 98,831

Gross Income – 450,000 to 600,000

Net Income – 351,169 to 501,169

With marketable yield of 15-20 t/ha at a farmgate price of P30/kg.

For more information (including plant and planting materials) please contact:

The Executive Director
PCARRD, Los Bahos 4030, Laguna
Tel. Nos. (049) 536-0014 to 20
Fax No. (049) 536-0016/536-7922
E-mail: [email protected]
Website: www.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph

 photo from www.freedigitalphotos.net

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>