Durian (Durio zibethinus Murr.) commonly known as the king of tropical fruits, is a native of the Malay Archipelago. It is highly nutritious, with high protein, carbohydrate and vitamin contents (Coronel, 1986 and Banubay, 1998). The tree has an economic life span of 25 years or more. Although, its fruit has a peculiar odor, it’s invigorating, refreshing richness and the exotic taste makes the fruit well known in all corners of the world.
It is one of the most popular fruits in Southeast Asia. However, its production is confined almost exclusively to tropical South East Asia. A significant acreage of durian trees is cultivated in Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. Thailand is the main exporter. In the Philippines it is still considered as a minor crop but its socio-economic contribution already contributes much to our national economy.
Durian trees grow almost exclusive in Mindanao, particularly in Davao, Cotabato, Sulu and Agusan. In fact, Southern Mindanao is considered as the “durian republic” in the Philippines.
In recent years, durian has become attractive for cultivation among farmers and investors because of the recent advances in production management techniques. However, one of the problems that besets the durian industry is that farmers plant durian tree without due consideration of the ecological factors that would affect tree development.
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source: Roger C. Montepio and Irvin C. Generalao, Marid Digest