Garlic flakes are dried product from peeled garlic sliced lengthwise. The dried product can be sorted according to color:
- a – cream; shows no discoloration
- b – slightly discolored
- c – evident dark brown discoloration
a and b can be picked for use in dishes that require sliced whole garlic, like pinakbet, paksiw and adobo, while c can be pulverized to produce garlic powder.
Steps in Garlic Flakes Production
- Sort out garlic according to size and diameter. Choose large bulbs.
- Remove paper thin covering. Separate into individual cloves. Set aside thin and small cloves for use in garlic granules production.
- Remove peel. Slice lengthwise into 2mm thickness using a mechanical slicer or stainless steel knives.
- Spread out in drying trays which have been lined with nylon mesh. Dry under the sun.
- Finish the drying operation in a drier or in an oven maintained at 60°C. Trays should be rotated to hasten drying.
- Sort according to color.
- Pack tightly in jars or in thick polyethylene bags. Seal. When using jars, cover the mouth with aluminum foil to prevent or minimize entrance of moisture.
How to Use
Rehydrate the flakes by immersing in lukewarm water 10-15 minutes.
Garlic granules is the dried product from peeled/unpeeled garlic that has been passed through a food chopper equipped with a coarse blade. The resulting dried product is free from dried peels. Color ranges from cream to golden brown depending in the raw bulbs used. Granules with desirable golden brown color are produced when garlic that has been stored for some time is used. On the other hand, white granules result from newly harvested garlic.
Steps in Garlic Granules Production
Labor and time are saved in this process as the peeling operation may be eliminated. An ordinary chopper equipped with a coarse blade can be used instead of the laborious manual chopping operation.
Solar drying is the first step in the drying process. The final drying, however, must be completed in a drier or in an ordinary kitchen oven.
- Sort out bulbs according to size and diameter. The smaller cloves which have been rejected in the preparation of garlic slices can be used.
- Pass the cloves in a food chopper. Feed the chopper in small amounts to prevent squeezing out the liquid.
- Spread out thinly in drying trays which have been lined with nylon mesh. Dry under the sun.
- Finish the drying operation in a drier or in an oven maintained at 60°C. The granules at this stage have a tendency to form lumps. Break any lump to hasten the drying process.
- Remove the dried peels that are mixed with the granules by winnowing or by gently blowing on the surface of the dried material with the use of an electric fan.
- Pack immediately in plastic jars in thick polyethylene bags. Seal.
How to Use
Rehydrate by immersing the granules in a small amount of lukewarm water for 10-15 minutes. The granule form is ideal for hamburger mixes, embutido and longanisa.
source: An adaptable technology for the processing of garlic into flakes, granules and powder has been developed by Abadilla, (1989). Photos from alibaba.com, global-b2b-network.com