Hog raising is a very popular enterprise in the Philippines such that there is a proliferation of backyard producers, which dominates the swine industry and a healthy viable commercial sector.
Despite the crises facing the swine industry, still many people are venturing in this enterprise. This manual hopes to bring appropriate technology to the interested farmers and would-be swine producers in order that they may realize profitable production and improve their quality of life.
Swine is believed to be the earliest animal to be domesticated, proven by paintings and carvings of pigs that date back to 25,000 years have been found. Swine is one of agriculture’s best sources of income and a very good source of protein.
The Philippine swine industry is dominated by backyard hog farming, which claims 76% of total swine stocks while 24% come from commercial farms. The swine industry contributed to 80% of the total Philippine livestock output in 2004.
Outbreaks in animal disease and the like caused a slight decline in hog production in 2004, producing only 1,722.44 metric tons as compared to 1,733.09 metric tons in 2003. But as swine prices continued to rise, the swine industry’s value continuously increased from Php 74.73 billion in 1999 to 118.70 billion pesos in 2004. Retail prices steadily rose from Php 108.47 in 1999 to Php 135.66 in 2004 and live weight output significantly increased from 65.06 (1999) to 81.62 (2004), indicating increased interest in the improvement of swine farming. Thus giving hog farmers the incentive to increase production and more farmers continue to join the enterprise.
It is however imperative that swine-producers consider significant factors and techniques before venturing into hog farming to maximize profit on production.
Swine Breeds in the Philippines
Several imported breeds of meat-type swine are presently available in the Philippine market. It is important to consider farming experience, finance and purpose before choosing the best breed suitable to raise in local conditions.
Table of Contents
- Raising Swine in the Philippines
- Breeder Swine
- Recommended Space Allocation for Animals and Equipment
- Sows for Breeding
- Boars for Breeding
- Piglets at Farrowing Time
- Growing and Finisher Pigs
- Artificial Insemination
- Feeding Management
- Health Management
- Biosecurity Measures
- Common Swine Diseases
- 1. Brucellosis or contagious abortion
- 2. Hog cholera 3. Gastroentiritis complex / scouring (diarrhea)
- 4. Mastitis-metritis-agalactia syndrome or MMA syndrome
- 5. Pneumonia-Disease Complex
- 6. Roundworm Infection
- 7. Swine Dysentery
- Costs and Marketing
National Federation of Hog Farmers (NFHF)
4/F Room 401 R & G Tirol Building
831 EDSA corner Eugenio Lopez Street
Brgy. South Triangle, Quezon City
Phone: (02) 924-2317, Fax: (02) 924-2259
author: Carmela Abaygar, Marid Digest, photo from debtfreescholar.com