Garlic (Allium sativum Linn.), commonly called bawang, belongs to the liliaceae or sibuyas family. It is an annual herb consisting mainly of a bulb, also called head, which in turn is divided into several sections called cloves. Each clove has a separate skin or peel that is usually removed before using.
Garlic is propagated by bulbs and planted after the rainy season, from September to January. The plant needs sandy loam soil with moderate watering and full sunlight. The plant is usually mulched with dried rice straw to conserve moisture and to control weed. Updated info here